China from the Ground Up

4

Project Description

China From the Ground Up (CFGU) is a series of online opinion surveys conducted by researchers from the 21st Century China Center. A new initiative by the China Data Lab, the survey series aims to study society-level dynamics in China. Through repeated as well as thematically-focused questions, researchers explore the changes in and diversity of perspectives in the Chinese society in order to gain a more accurate and textured picture of the Chinese people’s everyday concerns, opinions and values. Parallel surveys in both the U.S. and China are also included in the study of public opinion regarding U.S.-China relations.

Methodological Notes

For each survey wave, we recruit around 1,000 respondents using a quota sampling strategy targeting pre-specified proportions of gender, education, age groups and geographic locations.

Our findings only reflect online, urban users and may be subject to social desirability bias — that is, they may be influenced by respondents’ favoring answers in line with regime preferences.

Download Data

China Data Lab has created a database consisting of answers to questions that were asked across multiple waves of the “China from the Ground Up”(CFGU) project.

By September 2023, CFGU has implemented 17 rounds of online surveys targeting of mainland Chinese respondents. The standard sample size is 1,050. The released dataset excludes Wave 8, which is a recontact sample of fewer than 400, and Waves 6 and 10, which are parallel surveys conducted in both China and the U.S.

Please refer to our dataverse to download the data. https://dataverse.chinadatalab.sdsc.edu/dataset.xhtml?persistentId=doi:10.5072/FK2/MAPF8F

Survey Waves

Wave 18 Chinese Attitudes toward Globalization

2024 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
2023 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Explores public opinion on China’s relationship with the existing international order and the future of globalization.

 

Sample Size

Wave 17 Change in Covid-Zero Policy

2023 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Surveys Chinese public attitudes toward the sudden reversal of the COVID-Zero policy.

Sample Size

Wave 16 AI and Wolf Warrior Diplomacy

2023 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Surveys Chinese public attitudes toward the of artificial intelligence in public service provision, and perceptions toward wolf warrior diplomacy.

 

Sample Size

Wave 15 Common Prosperity and the Dynamic COVID-zero Policy

2022 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Surveys Chinese public attitudes toward common prosperity and the dynamic COVID-zero policy.

Sample Size

Wave 14 Social Policies, Ideology, Russia-Ukraine War and International Relations

2022 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Surveys Chinese public attitudes toward social policies; international relations; general mass ideology and Russia-Ukraine War.

Sample Size

Wave 13 Policy Priorities and Attitude toward Inequality

2021 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Conjoint experiments on public attitudes toward policy priorities and feelings about inequality

Sample Size

Wave 12 Economic Inequality

2021 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

 

Surveys perceptions of economic inequality, public political support, and redistributive preferences.

Sample Size

Wave 11 Social Credit Score 2nd Round

2021 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Surveys public opinion toward the social credit system. 

Sample Size

Wave 10 US-China Parallel Survey 2nd Round

2021 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Surveys a wide range of topics such as globalization, bilateral relations between China and the U.S., nationalism, support for the political system, etc.

Sample Size

Wave 9 Conspiracy and Trumpism

2021 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Surveys Chinese individuals’ beliefs about conspiracy theories. Also surveys public opinion in China toward Trump and his policies. 

Sample Size

Wave 8 Recontact China Survey

2020 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Invites previous participants to survey a broad range of issues including globalization, trade war, government performance, policy preferences, nationalism, and feelings towards foreign countries.

Sample Size

Wave 7 Recurring China Survey

2020 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec



Surveys public opinion on a broad range of issues including globalization, trade war, government performance, policy preferences, nationalism, and feelings towards foreign countries.

Sample Size

Wave 6 US-China Parallel Survey

2020 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Surveys a wide range of topics such as globalization, bilateral relations between China and the U.S., nationalism, support for the political system, etc.

Sample Size

Wave 5 Covid-19 & Informal Ties

2020 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Surveys Chinese citizens’ trust in media reports of Covid-19 and their evaluation of government performance in controlling the pandemic. Also surveys beliefs about the role of informal ties in the appointment of government officials.

Sample Size

Wave 4 Economic Inequality & International Relations

2020 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec



Surveys public perceptions of economic inequality. Also surveys public opinion toward the power struggle between US and China.

Sample Size

Wave 3 Social Credit Score & HK Protests

2020 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Surveys public opinion toward the social credit system. Also surveys individuals’ attitudes toward the Hong Kong protests and the election results.

Sample Size

Wave 2 Preference Intensity & Trade Dispute

2019 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec



Surveys individuals’ policy preferences in the case of South China Sea, market economy, censorship of online expression, government monitoring of online behavior and personal phone calls. Also surveys individuals’ reaction to the trade dispute between China and the US. 

Sample Size

Wave 1 Baseline Survey

2019 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Surveys public opinion on a broad range of issues including globalization, trade war, government performance, policy preferences, nationalism, global warming, and feelings towards foreign countries.

Sample Size

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